Global warming: it’s getting hot in here

Global warming: causes and effects

Sea levels are rising, glaciers are rapidly melting, forests and wildlife are struggling to adapt to it: it’s global warming, and it’s definitely not cool. We say global warming but its meaning is wider because its effect varies from place to place. Furthermore, the term global warming is not a synonym of climate change: the latter is often used by scientists to describe the complexity of changes affecting different climate systems in different ways. The main cause for this steady long-term increase in temperature is the greenhouse effect. The atmosphere is saturated with gases such as carbon dioxide – the one with the strongest impact – methan, nitrous oxide and others, that trap the sun’s heat preventing it to leak back into space and causing global warming. Facts and datas should raise serious concern because global warming doesn’t just mean the temperatures are rising. 

Global warming: solutions 

Fortunately we still have a few years to reverse – some – of the environmental damage. We can slow the rate of global warming by slowing the emission rate of heat-trapping gases – mainly carbon dioxide – and black carbon aerosol to the atmosphere. Stabilizing the temperature would require cutting all emissions of “greenhous” gases to zero. Unlikely. The goal at the moment is to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050, but no one in the scientific community believes it can be stopped. Rather, it can be slowed.